Category: News

Nov 27 2014

Analysis of inputs to public consultation on future of NER300

***UPDATE 9 Jan 2015: The EC’s official summary of the public consultation responses is now available here.’s comments on this summary appear at the bottom of this article.***

On July 31 2014 a public consultation closed on ‘Emission Trading System (ETS) post-2020 carbon leakage provisions’. The consultation included the question, “Currently the European Commission implements the NER300 programme to provide from EU ETS specific support for large-scale demonstration of Carbon Capture Storage (CCS) projects and innovative renewable energy. 300 million allowances, representing ca. 2% of total phase 3 allowances, are dedicated for this purpose. What share of the post-2020 allowance budget should be dedicated to such innovation support?” with an invitation to respondents to explain their answer.

Respondents were asked to indicate whether they would allow their replies to be made public. These replies have been posted on the homepage of the public consultation. An analysis of them is given below.

Freshest thinking

The NGO Change Partnership offered advice on how the pot of a new NER300-type scheme could be filled with allowances: “The allowances should come from a combination of a ‘haircut’ on the Market Stability Reserve (MSR) together with a dedicated fund of allowances. This should replace any ‘New Entrants Reserve’. Importantly, allowances should not be monetised but used as collateral to leverage additional funding.” The MSR is a measure that would be applied to Europe’s Emissions Trading Scheme to adjust the amount of carbon allowances that are in the market, with the expected effect (at least in the near term) of boosting the carbon price. It could begin in the next 2 to 7 years, depending on the will of the Council and European Parliament. The mandate to launch additional calls under NER300 rules, or to start NER400 early, could be linked to this dossier.

Alstom, which has been involved in a number of awarded and un-awarded NER300 proposals, fleshed out Change Partnership’s ideas:

[…] We fully support the continuation of the NER300 beyond 2015 and before 2020. To be meaningful and credible, the Fund should make available a very large amount of money.

  • From the ETS: free allowances from the NER non-allocated in 2020, free allowances allocated to plants that will close before 2020 (IED regulation) and EUAs from the Market Stability Reserve could be monetised. Without being monetised, EUAs could also be used as collateral to leverage financing at an agreed carbon price.
  • From the 2014-2020 EU budget: ‘Smart or Inclusive Growth’ or ‘Sustainable growth: Natural Resources’ lines, European Structural and Investment Funds, Research Fund for Coal and Steel, Horizon 2020, Connecting Europe Facility and the tax on financial transactions.[…]

The need to look beyond NER300 for stimulating innovation in energy technology was a theme in a large number of responses. Only one respondent, Holcim, mentioned “risk-sharing” in its submission, of which the EUAs-as-collateral approach could be one example.

Veterans’ responses


The ‘veterans’ in this context are companies that had already applied for NER300 funding. Alstom, above, was one. Air Liquide described NER300 as Europe’s “only tool for funding large scale demonstration European projects” (supported by the European Industrial Gases Association). The utilities ENEL (responding via its Slovakian subsidiary) and RWE recognised the value of support for innovation in energy technology, but could not accept that distorting the Emissions Trading Scheme in the way NER300 has done is a price worth paying. This was a widely held view. ENEL wanted to see “analysis of [NER300’s] effectiveness and achievements”, which two other organisations, BDI and the Swedish Forest Industries Federation, also called for. Shell parted company from other oil companies and their associations by expressing its “full support” for NER300 and calling for any follow-up to be better resourced. Finally, Magnesitas Navarras, whose technological approach was confirmed ineligible by the EC in its answer to FAQ 29, looked on the bright side: “We are going to present the project in the topic LCE 15 under Horizon 2020.”


Companies that have tasted NER300 like it. That feeling is shared by their industrial associations. The two European renewable energy industry associations that responded, Ocean Energy Europe and EWEA, praised NER300. The CCS Association said NER300 had had “limited success” in promoting CCS and that a better funded future programme “should focus on delivering large-scale deployment of CCS in the EU post-2020.”

Member States

Estonia considered NER300 “an important funding programme for innovative carbon projects which helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and [which] should definitely continue after 2020.” The UK, whose three projects were between them awarded one sixth of the NER300 pot (more than any other Member State), would like any future pot of money for low carbon innovation not to be created by raiding allowances from the Emissions Trading Scheme. Poland shared this view, adding that if a new scheme were created the focus should move from CCS to technologies for cleaner combustion of fossil fuels. Regions also gave input. Wallonia and Flanders insisted on the principle of geographical balance. Bavaria, Thüringen and Vienna, which were the only other local government administrations to give a public reply, dismissed CCS.

NER300 newbies

The ‘newbies’ in this context are organisations from which nothing or little on NER300 has so far been heard or that have had no direct connection to the instrument. They include, above all, industrial sectors at risk of shifting production outside Europe if the EU puts too high a cost on carbon dioxide emissions. The EC intends these sectors to benefit from NER300-type funding in future.

To a great extent, however, the companies concerned and the associations that represent them reject the idea that they should give up any allowances that would otherwise be given to them for free. The taking of allowances that would otherwise have been freely allocated to new entrants was the way in which the original NER300 pot was formed. Solvay said, “The ETS is an instrument that must curb emissions at the lowest costs for participants,” echoed by Ineos, a manufacturer of oils and olefins: “The Commission should prioritise protection for industries at risk of carbon leakage to allow EU companies to remain competitive.”

One drawback noted by many of basing the pot size on a number of allowances is that the amount of money it ultimately contains will depend on an unknown quantity: the price at which the allowances are monetised. Eurometaux, repeated by 10 metal producers or their associations, pointed out that the availability of NER300 funding will be inversely proportional to the need for it: when carbon prices are high, this on its own can suffice as the driver of innovation, yet the NER300 pot will be huge. When they are low, the carbon price will not be sufficient, but the pot, if linked to it, will also be too small. USG proposed to deal with very large pots apparently by demanding more technical risk in projects: “The higher the carbon price is targeted to be, the higher the benchmark level should be.”

Support is stronger for the idea of linking the revenues from auctioned allowances to spending on low carbon innovation because this would not reduce the number of allowance available for free allocation. But can Member States be trusted to spend the revenues on ambitious technology programmes? The chemical industry lobbies CEFIC and VNCI think not. They both write, “It is seen as unlikely that Member States will free resources from auctioning revenues due to national budgetary challenges.”

A number of purists responded, opposing any use of the ETS to fund technology programmes and insisting that general taxation be the source of funding instead. This fully insulates the size (and therefore design) of the programme from the vagaries of the carbon market.



Many, from a variety of sectors, called for the future NER300 to be broader in scope:

In which direction should NER300 be broadened? The NGOs can perhaps provide a disinterested view

Energy efficiency in industry

Energy efficiency in buildings

Energy efficiency in fossil fuel combustion

General energy efficiency

Facilitate cross-border projects

EON & German Association of Energy and Water Industries

Calls every two years from now on

Bellona Europa

No returning of money in case of project failure

Swedish Steel Producers´ Association says NER300 payouts should not be reduced or cancelled if the project is built but ultimately does not perform, which is a feature of current NER300 rules that the cement industry (CEMBUREAU + 18) also considers to be a drawback.

Greater share of costs should be covered by EC?

Bellona Europa says, somewhat contradictorily, that “a higher share [should be] covered by the EC,” but also “any projects should require a substantial financial or in-kind commitment from industry”. Humberto Delgado Rosa (Director responsible for NER300 in DG CLIMA) speaking at The EU Energy Challenge said that the rules on NER400 were far from being decided and that an increase in the proportion of costs covered could be considered. He is unlikely to go as far as one respondent’s wishes: ‘Marek Kucharski BeÅ‚chatów’, writing as a citizen but using an email address of Polish electricity company PGE said grants of 100% of costs should be allowed for CCS. PGE had made the same statement at the SET Plan conference in Warsaw 2011.


The International Association of Oil & Gas Producers and its member Total made an interesting point about CPUP. CPUP was based around the wrong metric for CCS plants: “The criterion should not be the extra cost per tonne of stored CO2, but rather the extra cost per kWh of electricity.”

“It’s the regulatory framework, stupid”

The paper industry (CEPI + five) said that success in energy innovation “is not so much a matter of budget allocated, but of policy uncertainty.” They were joined by three other Nordic associations/companies. The Swedish Forest Industries Federation wrote, “some of the [NER300 projects] have not been made. This is not due to the amount of allowances used for NER300 but to the low credibility of the European energy and climate policy. To increase the amount of NER300 allowances will not change this. A clear, transparent and stringent policy would mean much more.”

Avoid RES/CCS competition within the programme

Eurogas: “The direct competition with renewables under NER300 should be reduced and additional funding instruments for low-carbon investments be considered.”


Many said NER300 should be made less complex, but without saying how.

Attitudes to CCS

The question of whether CCS is a valuable technology divided opinion as follows. The summary neglects the small number of replies declared to be personal responses.

Pro-CCS Anti-CCS
  • Eurometaux + 10 “Financing of CCS should not be a priority for the allowance budget.” But ERAMET is more conciliatory: “CCS can be a useful tool to decarbonise the power sector and also the industry.”
  • Regional public authorities as mentioned above
  • Central Europe Energy Partners (mentioned above) and Poland prefer efficiency in fossil fuel combustion
  • Danish Ecological Council
  • European Salt Producers’ Association
  • European Ceramic Industry Association + 55 companies and national associations representing the ceramics sector: “the Ceramic Roadmap shows that CCS will remain prohibitively expensive for some time after it is installed in other industries.” Also the Portuguese Association for Ceramics and Domestic Glass.
  • Terremilia (concerns over CO2 storage)
  • Wopfinger Baustoffindustrie
  • ver.di (German trade union)
  • Vetropack
  • Committee of PET Manufacturers in Europe (“Is CCS the correct or appropriate technology for Europe?”)
  • European Dairy Association + 2
    1.’s comment

      Using EUAs to guarantee loans…? Why not. Change Partnership and Alstom propose a model set up and operated in a similar way to the EEEF. The selection process could be devolved entirely to the EIB or an agent and could be much lighter, for example, operated on a first-come-first-served basis. But an appetite exists also for free money. The future NER300 should continue to award a large part of its pot as cash.

      Like the respondents suggest, the rules governing the ranking of NER300 proposals make it difficult for the sponsor of a particular project to estimate his chance of success. Nonetheless, the rules do perform the difficult task of treating ‘apples and pears’ equally. If NER300 changed from a competition that pays up only upon reaching performance milestones (production of MWh or tonnes CO2 sequestered) to one where awards are paid regardless of ultimate performance, it would attract technology that is less mature. Reporting would still be mandatory and would become more onerous and similar to Horizon 2020‘s.

      In the case of a high carbon price, it would be wiser to fund more projects than to try to incentivise the building of projects using ever more speculative technology by, for example, offering ever higher awards per project. NER300 money handed out either in the conventional manner or as financial instruments is inappropriate for such technology.

      CCU, carbon capture and usage, should mostly be avoided. Many of the materials that could be made using CO2 have lifetimes that are too brief to be of any use for climate protection. Exceptions are materials that mineralise CO2, locking it into stable, long-lasting compounds. CCU is relevant to energy policy only by its application in methanation, a technique for storing energy also known as ‘power-to-gas’.

      EC’s official summary

      In view of the target of the public consultation, the EC should not be too surprised by the answers it has received. It concludes, “Many agree that the scope for future ETS-financed innovation funding should go beyond CCS to include support for low-carbon technologies in industry,” but this is to be expected if the question is being asked to sectors not currently in the programme (carbon leakage sectors). Similarly, in a survey targeting industry, it is to be expected that the part of the innovation chain area where it is seen as “most important” to “strength EU innovation support” should be “large-scale pilot [plants]”.

      “Some underlined that these funds could be used to ensure cheaper loans for industry,” writes the EC. Only two public responses mentioned this (see Freshest Thinking, above), but because it’s an interesting idea, it gets a mention.

    Oct 20 2014

    Notes from NER300 meeting 20 Oct 2014 – afternoon MS, PS + 6

    Hot news

    EC (Kerstin) is willing to allow projects flexibility on the requirement to generate at least 75% of the energy they bid to generate in their first five (10 for CCS) years of operation in order to get 100% of their Award.

    She said, “If a majority of projects find that, 2-3 years after their entry into operation, they are not on track to generate 75% of the amount they bid for technical reasons, the EC might be prepared to look again at the rule.”

    Oct 20 2014

    Notes from NER300 meeting 20 Oct 2014 – morning MS and PS only

    Annual conference

    EC proposes an annual NER300 conference in Brussels every autumn to showcase funded projects. Also (Andreas): EC presentations at “conference like EWEA or the biomass conference” and “this year there will be presentations at the SET Plan conference in Rome (10-11 December).”

    Best questions so far

    What if, in the case of upfront funding, the MS can’t recover Award money from the PS and the PS is not entitled under NER300 rules to keep money it has already been paid?

    EC confirms (Kerstin): “The MS is still liable towards the EIB to repay the money.”

    Relevant costs: how will the EC check the relevant costs at FID?

    If the RC are less than the ones quoted in the application, the EC may need to reduce the award. EC (Lorenzo): “We are confident that the relevant costs as identified at the time of the selection process [i.e. quoted in the application] are the ones that will apply at FID.”

    Best new info

    Disaster averted

    EC (Kerstin): “Up to half of projects in the first call would have not been able to reach FID and therefore would have lost entitlement to their Award if we had not extended the deadlines“.

    Reporting MWh production

    The EC is prepared to be flexible in the reporting deadlines as these are “not laid down in the Award Decision”. The questioner used the example of a national grid operator that fails, by the start of Year N+1, to report the electricity fed into the grid in year N. This info is necessary to calculate the NER300 award disbursement to the project.

    Award Decision amendments

    Amendments to Award Decisions collected throughout the year by EC, EC bundles them into one leglislative procedure done once a year. Suggestion that a deadline might be March for the procedure completed by June.

    Oct 16 2014

    EC hosts invitation-only meeting on NER300 20 October

    DG CLIMA will hold a ‘Second NER300 Information Event’ on NER300 on 20 October. The invitation and programme sent to the Member States is here.

    The morning session will be taken up with a series of presentations similar to those given to First Call awardees and their host Member States on 10 April 2012. One difference will be that the thinking on ‘Knowledge Sharing’ obligations is now much more advanced than it was in 2012, with DG CLIMA having published (here) the templates of Knowledge Sharing collection forms and preliminary details of the techniques it will use to obfuscate the knowledge shared. Also key deadlines have been extended.

    Five representatives from associations linked to CCS, wind, ocean energy and biomass and one NGO have been invited to join in the afternoon for ‘Session II: Exchange of experiences and views on NER 300’. DG CLIMA took the position that only renewable energy associations representing particular technologies are eligible to attend, as opposed to associations having a more general view. No webstream will be available.

    The renewable energy associations will push for another NER300-type programme, beginning before 2020 if possible.

    1.’s comment

      Bellona, the invited NGO, has interests in a number of the technology areas funded by NER300, so why should it have a seat but not an association like Eurelectric or EREF?

      Two of the three renewable energy associations admitted to the meeting were chosen because they were the first to take the initiative to request a seat when they saw the invitation.

      Dissenting voices seem to be absent (specifically Project Sponsors whose proposals were rejected in either the First or Second Call or who withdrew or suspended their projects), so are those of the sectors that NER300 might include in future: heavy industry at risk of delocalisation.

    Oct 06 2014

    Extensions to NER300 deadlines

    ***UPDATE 19 November 2014: The amendment extending the deadlines***

    ***UPDATE 20 October 2014: adopted unanimously***

    ***UPDATE 15 October 2014: Reuters reports the Climate Change Committee approved DG CLIMA’s proposal***

    DG CLIMA — pending a vote in the Climate Change Committee on 15 October — is to push back NER300’s deadlines by two years.

    For a project awarded in the First Round (i.e. selected for award in Dec 2012), the deadlines applicable to

    • Dec 2014 (final investment decision, receiving all permits, State Aid clearance) will be extended to 31 December 2016.
    • Dec 2016 (date of entry into operation) will be pushed to 31 December 2018, with an obligation to generate at least some renewable energy in the year that follows. For this extension, notification of the EC by the Member State hosting the project is required.

    The EC says, “The extension of time-limits would apply to any project under the first and second calls,” implying that two-year extensions will be available to second call projects, too.

    1.’s comment

      The EC finally gave in to pressure to extend NER300’s deadlines after seven Member States (France, UK, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Sweden and Finland) co-signed a letter pressing for extensions. Its refusal to countenance this in 2013 had meant that the Westwave project (OCNa, Ireland) felt it necessary to hand back its First Round award and reapply in the Second Round, which was a big and (it turns out) unnecessary risk. Since then, there have been changes to State Aid rules around renewable energy, a debate on the ‘2030 Framework for climate and energy’ has got underway and the ILUC Directive has hit an inter-institutional blockage. This made pressure to extend irresistible.

      Many of the countries signing the letter were awarded colossal sums for bioenergy projects. There is no sign of a target for renewable energy in transport in the ‘2030 Framework for climate and energy’, let alone one involving advanced biofuels. It may turn out that extensions by themselves are not what projects need in order to survive, but rather supportive regulatory frameworks.

      Instead of a day of reckoning coming two months from now, the viability of awarded projects will not be known for two years at the earliest. To recall, NER300 rules give Member States no incentive to reveal the viability of their projects (or the true intentions of their Project Sponsors) at any point before the Final Investment Decision/permits/State Aid clearance deadline. Projects need to report their progress annually before their entry into operation, but there is no sanction attached to slow progress.

      The consequences of the deadline extension are

      1. while it was already unlikely that waiting-list NER300 projects (See Annex II here) would be funded, it is now extremely unlikely that they will. The 2009 Emissions Trading Directive stipulates that all awards must be made by 31 December 2015 (See page 18), which is one year before the new 2016 deadline.
      2. With no new NER300 awards now seeming possible, money for failed projects will have to be returned to the Member States or, better, channeled to first-of-a-kind demonstration energy demonstration projects via Horizon 2020 (another EU funding programme).
      3. The innovative quality of these projects may be quite out-of-date by the time they become operational. Benchmarks for innovation that were determined in 2009 became the basis for the NER300 calls for proposals in 2010 and 2013 and may now only be realised in installations that enter into operation in 2019 — fully a decade later. The purpose of the awards, which was to reward first movers, may be redundant by the time they come to be paid out.

      The decision to grant the extension appears to have been made in the last month. On 4 September, in documentation circulated to the contractors that the EC outsources some of its NER300 tasks to, the EC requested that they review the progress reports of Project Sponsors only in 2014 and 2015. Under the deadline extension, progress reports would need to be monitored in 2016 and 2017, too.

    Sep 01 2014

    Strongest push yet for a third NER300 call…

    … comes from the Member States. A leak of draft ‘Conclusions’ for the European Council of 23-24 October 2014, which will define the main features of the EU’s climate and energy policy for the foreseeable future, suggests that maybe 5% of allowances required by the Emissions Trading Scheme to reach a 40% GHG emissions cut by 2030 be used as an ‘initial endowment’ for an ‘enlarged’ NER300-like fund that would include industry.

    The EIB would manage it. The focus of the fund would be ‘new innovations’.

    Jul 15 2014

    Nine proposals were kicked out of Second Round. Four on the waiting list.

    The EC has published the Rejection Decision (Part I: legal text, Part II: lists of projects), showing how the 32 projects sent by Member States to the EIB for Technical and Financial Due Diligence were filtered down to the 19 awarded. Five projects failed TFDD. Of the projects that passed, a further four were deemed ineligible (for example, for not being innovative enough). Thus 23 projects made it onto the long-list for funding. The rule of “maximum three projects per Member State over both NER300 awarding Rounds” meant three Member States (France, Sweden, Portugal) with four or more projects that had passed the TFDD and eligibility-check stages had to move projects to a waiting list for funding (Annex 2 of the Rejection Decision) to bring their totals down to three.

    The EC is not clear about the circumstances under which these projects may be awarded, saying only it will happen “if funds become available” and if Member States confirm them as per Article 8 of the NER300 Decision. As paragraph 91 of the Call text shows, the EC has not entirely excluded the possibility of awarding more than three projects to a Member State.

    The success rate (projects awarded / projects entered to the EIB for evaluation) is high both compared to the First Round…

      Round 1 Round 2
    RES projects 23/65 = 35% 18/31 = 58%

    …and compared to early indications from the EC’s other funding instrument for energy technology development, Horizon 2020. 420 ‘stage-1’ proposals were submitted the two-stage LCE-01-2014 and LCE-02-2014 calls that closed in April 2014. Of these, 106 have been invited to submit proposals for ‘stage-2’. The grand total of the budget request of the 106 projects is still six times the budget available.

    1.’s comment: Coincidence

      The NER300 pot happens to be just big enough to award every single project that passed both TFDD and the eligibility check except those that would have implied funding a fourth project in a Member State. If you don’t believe in coincidences, you might prefer to think that the EC would already like to award funding to those projects, but is checking the legal position before committing itself. This interpretation is given credence by the fact that the EC has not released information on the volumes of each of the components that make up the Second Round pot (see this post).

      With the success rate (and magnitude of some of the awards) eye-wateringly high, Member States (especially those who have ended up with less than three projects) might be kicking themselves for not having entered more projects into the Second Round.

    Jul 09 2014

    Second Round Award Decision — analysis

    Undisclosed failed First Round RES projects boost funding pot for Second Round

    The composition of the 1.0 bn EUR funding pot for the Second Round is as follows.

    First, there was left over money from the First Round:

    1st call Award Decision 1 500 000 000 EUR (monetisation proceeds) –
    1 211 945 062 EUR (awarded to projects)
    SUB-TOTAL (A) 288 054 938 EUR

    The second component is the proceeds from monetisation of 100 million Second Round allowances. The sales commission charged by the EIB and its carbon market intermediaries needs to be deducted from the gross value of the sales. From the first call, it is known that gross sales of 1 609 125 460 resulted in an NER300 pot of 1 500 000 000 EUR, thus the rate of commission was roughly 6.78%. Applying that to the gross Second Round proceeds yields the following:

    Gross Net
    Gross sales of 547 705 340 EUR After 6.78% commission = net income to the Second Round pot of 510 836 489 EUR (B)
    SUB-TOTAL (A+B) 798 891 427 EUR

    Ireland, Sweden and Spain formally notified the EC that one of each of their First-Round projects would not begin, allowing the EC to return their awards to the pot for the Second Round:

    Member State 1st Round project Award /EUR
    Ireland Westwave 19 828 007
    Sweden Pyrogrot 31 404 829
    Spain PTC50-Alvarado 70 000 000
    SUB-TOTAL (A+B+above) 920 124 263
    ??? ??? ???
    GRAND TOTAL 1.0 bn

    Therefore the collapse of one or more additional First Round project(s) with Award(s) of at least 80 M EUR, as indicated by the row(s) of question marks in the table above, must have formally been notified to the EC since 31 Jan 2014 or it would not have been possible for the EC to award funding to the 19 projects in the Second Round Award Decision.

    3 M EUR of unawarded money remains in the NER300 pot at present (statement by Kerstin Lichtenvort on June 26).

    Little information provided on the reasons for 14 projects being denied funding

    On 3 July 2013 there were 32 RES projects in the NER300 Second Round competition compared to 18 awarded today. It would be interesting to know whether a) the EIB’s Technical and Financial Due Diligence and the EC’s eligibility check coupled with the requirement for no more than three projects per Member State account for the entirety of this difference or whether b) some viable projects were not awarded because of lack of funds. The language of Recital 8 of the Award Decision, though convoluted, suggests that the answer is a).

    8. […] The Commission checked, if the available funds were greater than the total funding request. As some excess funds were available, all confirmed projects by Member States could be added to the final list of projects in the CCS and RES groups.

    … which should be understood as

    The grand total of NER300 funding requests of the confirmed projects was less than the funds available, so all were awarded.

    To know for sure, however, one would need to see the Rejection Decision, which was adopted by the Climate Change Committee on 4 June. has requested it under freedom of information rules.

    Jul 08 2014

    Chance of a third NER300 call before 2020 downplayed again

    Announcing the results of the Second Call in a brief press conference (1 bn EUR to 19 projects in 12 countries, half of which went to just two projects), Commissioner Hedegaard again played down the idea of a third NER300 call (or something like it) before 2020: “A third call might be a tool to include in the Framework for Climate and Energy 2020-2030 – something for the next decade. Between 2014-2020, there is Horizon 2020. For a new call, we would need a new Decision.” [To recall, a European Commission Decision is the legal basis for the current NER300 programme.]

    The European Commission has not published the Rejection Decision setting out which projects have been kicked out of the competition.

    UPDATE 9 July 2014: Ocean Energy Europe has hailed NER300 as an programme that “helps address a funding gap for large scale demonstration of pre-commercial renewable energy projects”. The association’s press release refers to a “joint letter with Europe’s renewable energy associations to the Commissioner Connie Hedegaard” that calls for a “new EU funding programme for technology demonstration following the NER300 programme”.

    Jul 07 2014

    NER300 Second Round announcement to come at midday 8 July

    Commissioner Hedegaard will give a press conference. The press conference can be viewed via webstream here.